Paul R. Shuldiner Memorial Scholarship

Created in memory of Paul R. (“Randy”) Shuldiner ’75 by his family, this scholarship supports legal studies students with an interest in legal research and writing, as demonstrated through an original commentary on an article about civil liberties and civil rights. This scholarship is open to sophomores, junior and senior Legal Studies majors.

Supplemental Questions
  1. The Fourth Amendment’s protection of persons, papers, and effects from unreasonable searches and seizures was crafted when letter writing was the primary method of communication beyond simple speech. Clearly our world is different, with the letter now largely supplanted by increasingly smart phones and devices linked to communication networks. While the Fourth Amendment protected the content of early American letters, so too does it protect the content of our phone calls. It has never protected the fact that we made those calls, to what number we made them, nor for how long we spoke – all data legitimately in the possession of contracted third parties for their business purposes. But, our phones are now much more than devices for speaking to one another, and no longer require being connected to fixed cables and wires. The liberation, and qualitative leap, for our phones –and perhaps their users - is the result of mobile technology and all manner of applications. Part of the data we now create with the uses of our mobile and smart devices is GPS locations that can provide important information to the law enforcement community about our whereabouts at particular times. This year’s essay asks: In criminal investigations, should GPS location data, possessed by service providers or their subcontractors in the normal course of business, and produced simply by using our phones, be private? The essay should be about four double-spaced pages of text.
  2. Please upload your current resume.